Today as well as historically the people of Israel are not confined to a geographic location.
James wrote his letter to the twelve tribes scattered abroad. Peter wrote his first letter to the sojourners of the dispersion scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia. After the destruction of Jerusalem and deaths of several hundred thousand, the diaspora was even more dispersed.
Today my assessment is that the diaspora consists of Jewish, Protestant, Catholic, and Hebrew Roots adherents, various other religious people as well as atheists and agnostics all over the world. None of whom, will be exempt from the time of Jacob’s trouble.
If history is a good indicator there will be a minute number of these people on the blessing side of Deuteronomy chapter 28 and a very large percentage on the curse (consequence) side.
When Jerusalem was destroyed in 70 AD a small number of believers fled the city when they saw the armies coming, while the rest stayed and suffered horrible consequences. At the end of the five month siege several hundred thousand people were dead and a number of captives taken. According to Josephus some of those were taken to Egypt and sold as slaves which would be a fulfillment of Deut. 28:68.
And YHVH shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you.
Could there be a future fulfillment of these types of consequences? How could there not be? If we have been blessed like Israel, squandered our blessings like Israel, we can safely assume that we will be punished like Israel.
Keep in mind that when Yahshua returns He will release the captives in Egypt who are ready to perish.
11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that YHVH shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.
12 And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.
13 The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.
14 But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward the west; they shall spoil them of the east together: they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.
15 And YHVH shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod.
16 And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.
12 And it shall come to pass in that day, that YHVH shall beat off from the channel of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel.
13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship YHVH in the holy mount at Jerusalem.
6 And I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house of Joseph, and I will bring them again to place them; for I have mercy upon them: and they shall be as though I had not cast them off: for I am YHVH their Elohim, and will hear them.
7 And they of Ephraim shall be like a mighty man, and their heart shall rejoice as through wine: yea, their children shall see it, and be glad; their heart shall rejoice in YHVH.
8 I will hiss for them, and gather them; for I have redeemed them: and they shall increase as they have increased.
9 And I will sow them among the people: and they shall remember me in far countries; and they shall live with their children, and turn again.
10 I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt, and gather them out of Assyria; and I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon; and place shall not be found for them.
11 And he shall pass through the sea with affliction, and shall smite the waves in the sea, and all the deeps of the river shall dry up: and the pride of Assyria shall be brought down, and the sceptre of Egypt shall depart away.
12 And I will strengthen them in YHVH; and they shall walk up and down in his name, saith YHVH.
But you might say, “there are no captives in Egypt today.”
That’s true but we haven’t seen the great tribulation yet either.